In sugarcane production India comes at 2nd place and it is cultivated as a cash crops. Apart from this, India is also second in terms of consumption. And sugarcane juice is also made and drunk. Jaggery, sugar, liquor and more things are made from sugarcane juice. It is such a crop which does not see any significant effect of climate change, because of which it is also known as safe farming.
Even today, farmers are growing sugarcane traditionally. Still, in the present time, many advanced varieties are seen in the markets, and farmers are also getting more yields. If you also want to earn well by cultivating sugarcane, then in this article, you are being given information about how to grow sugarcane. Moreover, Swaraj 735 tractor model helps me to complete all the farming easily.
Cultivation of Sugarcane
Sugarcane can be cultivated in fertile soil, but in deep loamy soil, its yield is obtained in greater quantity. For its cultivation, field area with proper drainage system is required. General pH land is suitable for sugarcane cultivation. Also, Swaraj 744 is excellent model for preparing land and easily done all the farming task.
Sugarcane plants require a dry and humid climate. Its plants start giving yield in one to one and a half years. Sugarcane seeds need 20 degrees temperature to germinate initially, and when their plants are developing, they need a 21 to 27 degrees temperature. Its plants can tolerate a maximum temperature of 35 degrees.
The field is well prepared before growing the sugarcane crop. For this, the area is first profoundly ploughed. Due to this, the remains of the old crop present in the field are destroyed. After the first ploughing of the field, 12 to 15 carts of old dung manure per hectare should be put in the area. After this, two to three slant ploughing of the domain is done, due to which the dung manure gets adequately mixed in the soil of the field. And then mixing the dung manure in the soil, it is pulverized by applying water to moisten the land.
Sugarcane seeds are planted in moist soil. Therefore, they do not require irrigation in the beginning. But in the summer season, the plants have to be watered once a week, and in the winter, the plants must be steeped for 15 to 20 days. Apart from this, transplanting plants is done only when needed during the rainy season.
Both natural and chemical methods control weeds in a sugarcane field. Its plants have to be protected from weeds only for four to five months. To get control of weeds by natural method, weeding is done once a month.
It takes 10 to 12 months for the sugarcane crop to be ready. Its plants have to be harvested from near the surface of the land. Farmer brothers can profit by earning one and a half to two lakhs from their one-time crop.
For further details about farming blogs stay with us.